Pregnancy Ultrasound

Pregnancy Ultrasound refers to a non-invasive painless examination of a pregnant woman to assess the development and well-being of her pregnancy.


    Pregnancy Ultrasound refers to a non-invasive painless examination of a pregnant woman to assess the development and well-being of her pregnancy. It assesses fetal growth, position and anatomy. Pregnancy ultrasound may be used at various stages of the pregnancy to obtain valuable information about the progress of the pregnancy.

    Ultrasound can detect many, but not all abnormalities. Demonstrating a fetal abnormality on ultrasound depends on many factors, including fetal age and position at the time of the ultrasound, and the size and type of abnormality.

    There is very little preparation required for these exams. You should have some fluid in the bladder, and it is recommended to wear clothing that allows easy access to the entire abdominal region. Medicare provides a rebate for ultrasound during the first and second trimester, and when there is a clinical concern.


    First trimester ultrasound is performed in the first three months of a pregnancy.

    Your doctor may request this ultrasound for a number of reasons, including to confirm the presence of your baby’s heartbeat, the correct dates of your pregnancy and the location of your pregnancy. The ultrasound may also be requested to determine the number of babies present, checking other pelvic organs, identifying pregnancies at an increased risk of miscarriage or pregnancy loss and investigating possible causes of abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding.


    A nuchal translucency ultrasound (commonly called a “nuchal scan” or “NT scan”) is an ultrasound performed ideally between 12 weeks 3-4 days gestation. It is usually part of a non-invasive risk assessment called combined first trimester screening.

    Combined first trimester screening assesses the risk for your baby having certain chromosomal abnormalities (Trisomy 13, 18 and 21). This testing combines the nuchal translucency ultrasound with specific blood tests. Nuchal translucency ultrasound alone can also provide this risk assessment, but it is not as accurate as combined first trimester screening.

    Combined first trimester screening is a “screening” test only, and is not 100% accurate.

    This test gives us an indication of whether your baby has a high or low risk for chromosomal abnormalities and if further invasive testing is required based on these results.


    A second trimester morphology scan is performed in the middle part of the pregnancy, at around 18-22 weeks gestation. Almost all pregnant women have this ultrasound as a routine part of their antenatal (pregnancy) care. This scan is used to check fetal growth and to provide detailed images of your developing baby.

    There are many aspects of the pregnancy that the sonographer will assess during this ultrasound to ensure that your baby is developing normally including the baby’s anatomy or structure, measurements of the baby, heart rate and rhythm, number of babies, position of the placenta, amount of amniotic fluid around your baby, as well as the uterus, ovaries and cervix.


    A third trimester ultrasound is performed in the last part of the pregnancy, usually after 24 weeks gestation.The third trimester ultrasound is not considered a part of routine antenatal care, and may be requested by your doctor to check the fetal position, placental appearance and site, how much fluid is around the baby, fetal well-being and the baby’s growth compared with previous scans and the expected date of delivery. It may also be used to investigate various symptoms such as pain, contractions, vaginal bleeding or reduced foetal movement, and also for the monitoring of twin/multiple pregnancies.


    3D / 4D ultrasound is a medical technique which can be used during pregnancy to provide life like images of the baby. In 3D ultrasound you can see the baby in 3 dimensions and in 4D ultrasound you can see the baby move in real-time.

    These images are not used routinely for the medical assessment of your baby, but we are able to arrange an appointment for you to view images of your baby with this technology. The optimal time to perform these scans is between 28 and 32 weeks.

    There is no Medicare rebate for 3D/4D ultrasounds because they are not required for clinical purposes. When you ring to book an appointment for 3D/4D ultrasound the receptionist will be able to advise you of the costs

    If you are pregnant with twins, it is still possible to perform a 3D /4D scan. Please let our staff know when making your appointment if this is the case.


    You will need to bring your referral from a doctor or specialist to the appointment. Medicare or concession card along with any previous imaging not performed at Lake Imaging.

    Please empty your bladder 2 hours before you appointment time and then drink 4-5 glasses of water (not coffee or tea). Please finish drinking your water at least one (1) hour before your appointment and hold this fluid until your appointment.

    For third trimester ultrasound, you can reduce the amount of water required to 1 glass, 1 hour prior.

    Do NOT empty your bladder until after the examination.


    Obstetric ultrasounds are generally performed via a transabdominal approach, however transvaginal scans may be required to provide more detailed information.

    Transabdominal ultrasound involves scanning through your lower abdomen. The sonographer who will perform your examination will apply a warm layer of gel to your abdomen/pelvis. This allows for good contact between the skin and the ultrasound transducer.

    Transvaginal ultrasound is an internal ultrasound and involves insertion of a small ultrasound probe into the vagina. It may needed to be performed where there is difficulty visualising specific areas accurately, to assess for a low lying placenta, cervical length or other medical indications.

    Transvaginal ultrasound during pregnancy, is safe and will not harm either you or your baby. Your Lake Imaging sonographer will be experienced at performing these ultrasounds during pregnancy.

    The transvaginal scan is performed with an empty bladder and patient discomfort is minimal. The small sterilised probe (about the same diameter as a thumb), is covered with a protective cover and lubricated with gel before being inserted a short distance into the vagina.

    Your privacy will always be respected during ultrasound examinations, and you will always have a choice about whether the transvaginal ultrasound is performed. Please discuss any concerns you may have about the scan with the sonographer before your scan is performed.


    A radiologist will interpret the ultrasound images and provide your referring doctor with a comprehensive report. We recommend that you make a follow up appointment to discuss the results with your referring doctor.

    If the results are needed urgently, or you have an appointment immediately after your scan with your referring doctor or health care provider, Lake Imaging will arrange to have your results available immediately.


    Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images, there are no known side effects from having a diagnostic ultrasound scan performed for medical imaging purposes.

    The sonographer applies techniques to ensure that your scan is a safe procedure. For this reason, your scan should only be performed by an accredited sonographer, or trained medical practitioner, and a scan should only be performed when clinically indicated.


Ultrasound can assess your baby’s development with great detail, but it cannot detect all problems or all abnormalities.

Having your ultrasound in a practice with high standards of expertise and experience such as Lake Imaging, will improve the chance of detecting abnormalities. Unfortunately a normal ultrasound does not guarantee that your baby will be normal nor does it guarantee that you or baby will not develop complications during your pregnancy.

Routine ultrasound is one of the best methods we have of checking your baby and helping detect if you are at increased risk of certain pregnancy complications. A normal ultrasound is reassuring for parents and doctors, but it is not perfect.

The gender of the baby can usually be determined at the second trimester ultrasound.

It is worthwhile remembering that pregnancy ultrasound is performed primarily to check the health of the mother and child, the sonographer has many important things to focus on, and it is not always possible to establish your baby’s gender with certainty. The position of your baby as well as other factors may hinder the ultrasound’s view of this area of the baby.

If you want to know the sex of your baby, please tell your sonographer at the beginning of the examination. This will give us more opportunities to establish the gender of your baby. If you do not want to know the sex of your baby, please also tell your sonographer at the beginning of the ultrasound.

Pregnancy is an exciting time for couples, families and friends, and we understand that your ultrasound is an opportunity to bond with your growing baby. You may also wish to bring your partner or another support person to share this special time. We can provide the option of recording your ultrasound on DVD for later viewing – simply ask your sonographer before the ultrasound begins for a DVD to be recorded.

Different children can find ultrasounds entertaining, exciting, boring or distressing being in a dark room with strangers examining their mother. If you wish to bring young children, you should bring help from another adult so there is someone to look after them if needed.

We aim to make your experience at Lake Imaging memorable and enjoyable, however it is important to remember that your ultrasound is primarily a medical examination and ask that you keep this in mind when planning your visit.

We will give you images of your baby so you can share them later with your family and friends.

These will usually be images that you can recognise, for example, the baby’s face or hands.

You will also be able to access all images via our Patient App – Lake Images.

You should try to arrive for your ultrasound at least 10 minutes before your scheduled appointment time. This will enable you to relax before your scan and complete patient information forms at reception.

If you are late, your appointment may need to be re-scheduled to the next available time.

Depending on the scan type you should allow between 30 -60 minutes for your examination, this is usually adequate time for your ultrasound to be performed and reviewed.

Make an appointment online or call our dedicated bookings line